A beautiful series of talks by Swami Swaroopananda
17th Mar 2015- Singapore
1st day take away
- Mahabharata is an epic which covers every aspect of life. It is a beautiful composition by sage Veda Vyasa who named it ‘Jaya’- Victory- victory of good over evil and also our inner victory of positivity over negativity to attain the inner peace.
- It is a myth that Mahabharata should not be kept at home as it would bring about fight in the home; in fact it is the other way, it is a guide to victory or Jaya.
- The learnings are broadly classified under 4 categories- the purusharthas- namely Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha
- Dharma many times misunderstood as religion or just righteousness. It is the right conduct but based on four aspects- is the action good or bad, is it right or wrong, the intent behind the action and finally the attitude of the person behind the act.
- What gives happiness to parents? The well being and success of their children. How to have the right kind of progeny? Example of Mahabharata- What Kunti and Pandu desired and what Gandhari and Dhritharashtra wanted?
- Pandu was a righteous king whereas Dhritharashtra being born blind was always filled with negativity, unhappiness and felt that it was unfair that he was born blind and always wished that his sons should ascend the throne.
- Pandu being cursed couldn’t have his own children, but as destiny had willed it, his virtuous wife Kunti was blessed with a boon from Sage Dhurvasa that invoking any devas through a mantra; she would be able to have a worthy child.
- When Pandu knew of this, he wished for the first son to be righteous as he would be ruling the kingdom after him so ‘Dharmaraja or Lord Yama’ was invoked as he stood for ‘Dharma’, the second son be as pure and valourous as ‘Pavan or Lord Vayu’, the third be powerful and brave like the King of the devas ‘Indra’ and Kunti also shared the mantra with Madri the second wife of Pandu to invoke the Ashwini Kumars; who were very intelligent and had good administrative capabilities. Thus the Pandavas namely Dharmaja or Yudhistra, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva were born.
- On the other hand, Dhirtharashtra entertained negative thoughts and hatred against his brother and desired for sons just to the rule the kingdom and Gandhari also at the time of pregnanacy didn’t have a positive mind; she was restless and kept hitting her womb the result of which a mass of foetus fell off and with the power of Veda Vyasa; life was bestowed on the foetus and 100 sons came into being.
- The lesson here is v imp. What kind of progeny we desire? Yes of course, we want verything best for them. We are not selfless to just offer them to the society. But along with their best interests for themselves and for us, we should inculcate the right values in them to give back to the society. We owe a lot to the society.
- Art of parenting can be learnt from Mahabharata. The love of their mother kept the Pandavas together and the mother commanded their highest respect which finally led them to eternal victory ‘Jaya’ though they had to undergo various trials in their life whereas the blind love and indulgence of Dhritharashtra spoilt Duryodhana and led the kauravas to disaster. So we must learn what kind of values we must impart our children.
The second session to deal with Artha
Wealth is needed in this world. It is not wrong to desire wealth. Wealth can be used for various good purposes for the benefit of society. How wealth can be generated by right means and how it can be used for the benefit of the society; a learning from Mahabharata.