WHAT IS SRI RAMA NAVAMI?
Sri Rama Navami is a Hindu festival dedicated to Lord Sri Rama that iscelebrated across the country irrespective of the caste and creed. It isgenerally celebrated as the birth day of Lord Sri Rama coinciding with the ninthday (Navami thithi) of Chaitra Masa Sukla Paksha as per Hindu calendar.
Lord Sri Rama was the seventh Avathara of Sri Maha Vishnu in the list of DasaAvatharas. It is said that Rama Avathara had occurred during Thretha Yuga inthe 24th Maha Yuga of Vaivasvatha Manvanthara. He was born in Surya Vamsa,in the lineage of Ikshvaku, Harischandra, Bhagiratha, Raghu and Ajha. Sun Godis said to be the Paramatma amsa of Lord Sri Rama. He is said to be aParipoorna Manushya Avathara of Lord Sri Maha Vishnu.
He was the eldest son of King Dasaratha and his first wife Kausalya. He had twostep mothers Kaikeyi, and Sumithra. Sri Rama had three brothers Bharatha, Lakshmana and Sathrughna. Goddess Sita Devi was his consort. He had two sons Lava and Kusa who were bought up in Valmiki Ashram. It is said that LordSri Rama ruled this world for 11000 years.As per Hindu lunar calendar Rama was born on the ninth day (Navami), of suklapaksha in Chaitra Masa. Astrologically he was born under the star constellation of Punarvasu, 4th charana in Karkataka Raasi (Cancer Sign) and KarkatakaLagna. At the time of his birth five planets Sun, Mars, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn were in exalted position.
What is to be done on this day?
Lord Sri Rama is worshipped on this day along with his consort Goddess SeethaDevi, Lakshmana and Lord Hanuman, and His parents Dasaratha and Kausalya.
Arghya to be given to Lord Sri Rama with the following slokas,
Kausalyagharbhasambhootha sadhaa Soumithri Vatsala Jaanakisahitho Rama Gruhanarghyam Namosthuthe!!
Kousalyaanandano Veera Ravanasuramardhana Seethapathe Namasthubhyam Gruhanarghyam Namosthuthe
Recite slokas, sthothras related to Lord Sri Rama, like Rama Raksha Sthothram,and bhajans are conducted praising Lord Sri Rama. Sun is also worshipped on this day as He is the Paramatma Amsa of Sri Rama Avathara and Lord Rama was born in Surya Vamsa. People visit Sri Rama temple in the evening and offer prayers. At some places they also perform Sita Rama Kalyanam (marriage of Lord SriRama and Goddess Sita). One such place where Sita Rama Kalyanam is performed on a grand scale on this day is at Bhadrachalam in Andhra Pradeshon the banks of river Godavari. Govt. of Andhra Pradesh makes elaborate arrangements on this occasion and lakhs of people participate in this function. It is also a tradition in some areas where people offer sweet drink (water mixed with jaggery, cloves, pepper and lemon juice) called Panakam and Moong Dal(soaked) called Kosambari as Naivedya to Lord Sri Rama and distribute the same to the devotees at temples. The festival is celebrated in a grand scale in places like Ayodhya (birth place of Lord Sri Rama), Bhadrachalam (A.P) and in all the Rama Temples across the country.
Vasantha Navarathri festival ends with Sri Rama Navami. Some of the places in India connected to Lord Sri Rama are Ayodhya, Kasi,Gaya, Prayaga, Naimisharanya, Nasik, Bhadrachalam, Hampi, Srisailam, and Rameswaram.